Inspection and testing (ISO 9001, Clause 4.10)

ISO Certification Inspection is the most important requirement in accordance with an ISO. It involves physical checks and the measurement of certain features of the material regarding the requirements. Additionally, This is the most well-established method of quality assurance. In many developing countries the inspection departments are considering as a quality assurance department or quality control. Moreover, There they modulate new quality concepts as the primary stages of quality checks. 90% of the manpower employees undergo some sort of inspection or testing.  

Main terms of ISO Certification Inspection

This must follow if we want to overcome the limitations of ISO 9000 standards. Even though the quality system accent is shifting to some preemptive way in pre-production stages like design, process engineering, etc thus a certain amount of inspection is preordaining in the quality system. Likewise, This may reflect the essential standards of the ISO Standards.

ISO Certification Inspection and testing plan

The ISO requires certain documents to have to maintain for inspection and testing as a means of the products already met the requirements. Normally, To fulfill this requirement and introduce confidence on the customer, the inspection and testing activities must document before validation. Clearly, the quality of the system depends on the level of testing. Well-established products must follow the documentation with the quality testing to prove that they are adequate for the required quality level. Conversely, The guidance of the inspection staff must include additional testing, detailed inspection, test plans for customized products or contracts.

ISO Certification Inspection Instructions

  • The product needs testing instructions and documented ISO Certification Inspection. The instructions should include the following aspects:
  • You have to check the characteristics or parameters. The parameters include force, speed, temperature, features such as chemical composition and physical dimensions.
  • Inspection of equipment or instrument to use.
  • Environmental condition while test.           
  • Testing methods, sampling process, numbers of measurements, conditions are involving
  • Instructions and authentications checked by supervisory staff.
  • Identification of the persons to whom the test results are communicating.

Receiving the ISO Certification Inspection and testing

The quality of the raw factors depends on the quality of the end product. Thus all the products entering into the field must cover the basic inspection checks. The inspection task stuck in the following areas like an inspection at supply source, inspection at receipt of supplies, in-process and final inspection. Normally, Quality level always depends on the customer expectations, the number of resources available in the company. The receipt inspection is normally carrying out in two stages. Firstly, the goods have to identify, counted & visually inspected. If it is requiring it must undergo some extra sort of technical inspection & testing areas. The main stages are describing in the coming sections.

First sage inspection:

The goods are entering into the premise in the form of packages. The store clerk or storeman fully check the products to count the number of packages, identification for marking and to detect any sign of damage or tampering in the case to check for ISO. Probably, If the checking results from satisfaction, then the store man signs all the delivery receipt. If he found any corrections he will mark in the whole copies of the delivery challan. After that these packages are returning to the concern areas where they are open and inspection.

Hereafter the products check with the purchase order or with the packaging slip received from the package. Likewise, The part number and the LOT no identify and the items are visually examining for any signs of damage. If the product is from reliable users, then it may undergo this simple step and the goods may be accepted at this stage released for further use.

subcategory of the first stage

However, if certain goods do not appear as satisfactory, then they should refer to the quality control unit of ISO Certification for verification or disposition. The inspection clearly specifies the category of product that is acceptable on the basis of first stage inspection. Sequentially, Goods of a critical nature from a subcontractor not covered by procedures for acceptance at the first stage inspection may identify. Indicating these products may pass to the second stages.

Second stage Inspection

The second stage inspection is performing by inspectors of the quality control department. Inspection staffs are guiding to documenting the procedures. The second stage covers all the following activities.

  1. Verification of vendor details, test certificate materials, drawings, specifications, and reference standards and purchase orders.
  2. Visual inspections to detect damages or other quality issues.
  3. Measuring, testing a sample or the entire batch on the basis of instruction.
  4. Recording the test results and inspections.
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Stages of the second inspection

If the goods received are satisfying with the above conditions, then it will store for further use. If it is not satisfying the criteria, it will send back to the purchasing department. `When the complete test data on a product have not generated then the arrangement may be made to isolate the supplies until full data are received.

Release of the product without any verification

In manufacturing industries, the production departments sometimes require material for the immediate use without any test or receipt of inspection results. The ISO 9001 standard provides for such situations and requires the identification of the required product in order to permit immediate recall and replacement in the event of rebelliousness to specific requirements.

Legal dots

Most of the developing countries are facing the interruptions of supplies from vendors because of the end control. In certain conditions the quality control team highly pressurizes to release the material.  It is not that much easy to meet the conditions of positive identifications.


Imagine a situation of electronic components has been released before it is verified. Basically, The components may be joint into the printed circuit boards which are fitted in devices and consistently along with many other subsystems in the main equipment.  Suppose the components from different the batch are found to be non-conforming on subsequent testing.  Additionally, It is really difficult to retrieve them from the assembly unless a very elaborate traceability system is in place. In case products that are unverified materials have been utilized may not release for the issue to customers until the ISO verification process is complete and the material is found to conform to the specifications.

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In-process inspection and testing

The in-process inspection is sometimes called stage inspection. It aims to detect nonconformity at the earliest stage of processing to avoid wasteful effort at the end. If the nonconformity is detected in the earliest stages, then it is really helpful to detect the non-conformity of the product creation. Thus, The in-process inspection is currently using largely to identify trends before non-conformities actually occur. Hence, Detailed plans and procedures of ISO process control are needed to enhance the effective functioning of process control at the specified stages of the process.

Testing cases

The inspection in the process is along with the natural process flow. As the name implies the in-process carried out all the rectifications while the process is still in process. Probably, The in-process ISO Certification Inspection should strictly follow and conform and that result should be released for further processing. If any deviation in the process it will notice and clear before going to the next stage.

Final inspection and testing

It is the most important quality assurance activity. Because it is the last opportunity for the supplier to verify the product’s overall compliance. Consistently, The inspection and testing of hardware may involve functional and performance checks of the equipment as a whole. The ISO Certification Inspection of complex products involving a number of operations needs to plan to run with production. In this way, all the necessary data will be available for verification at the final inspection stage. Which can easily manageable? Yes of Corse. The various components are put together to form large products. The stages where all the components combining to form the final assembly are uses as hold points to get the points. Checking the ISO verification activities at the earlier stage and the other is to accept the product. These two are the main aspects of the final inspection.


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